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The topic of this article is “Are You Aware of the Most Common Cyber Attacks?” Let’s Start by knowing what is a cyber-attack? A cyber-attack is deliberate and unauthorized attempt by cybercriminals, hackers or other adversaries digital to access a computer network or system, primary objective of such attacks of altering, stealing, destroying or exposing information.

The attacks can target a wide range of victims from individual users to enterprises or even government institutions. When targeting businesses or other organizations, the hacker’s often aim to breach their security defenses, resources can include intellectual property, customer data, or financial details such as payment information.

Common Types of Cyber Attacks

There are numerous types of cyber-attacks that happen around us. If we understanding the different types of cyber-attacks, it becomes simpler for us to protect our networks and systems against them. Here, we will delve into an in-depth exploration the top cyber-attacks that can have a significant impact, whether on an individual or a large-scale business, depending on the extent of the attack.

Let’s begin by examining the various categories of cyberattacks on our list:

1. Malware Attack

One of the prevalent forms of cyber-attacks is commonly known as malware. It refers to malicious software viruses such as worms, spyware, ransomware, adware, and Trojans.

The Trojan virus disguises itself as valid software. Ransomware blocks access critical components of a network or computer system, whereas Spyware is stealthy software that steals all your sensitive information without your knowledge. Adware however, is software that delivers advertising content such as banners or pop-ups on a user’s screen.

Malware infiltrates a network through a vulnerability. When the user clicks a harmful link, downloads an email attachment, or utilizes an infected pen drive.

2. Password Attack

A password attack is the cyber-attack where a hacker employs specialized programs and tools, such as Air crack, Cain, Abel, John the Ripper, Hash cat, and others, to decode or crack your password. These attacks utilize different techniques, including brute force attacks, dictionary attacks, and keylogger attacks.

3. Man-in-the-Middle Attack

A Man-in-the-Middle Attack (MITM) is referred to as an eavesdropping attack. In this attack, unauthorized individual inserts themselves into the communication between two parties. By doing so, hackers steal sensitive data and or manipulate data.

4. SQL Injection Attack

A Structured Query Language (SQL) injection attack take place on a database-driven website when the hacker manipulates a standard SQL query. It is managing by exploits a malicious code into a susceptible search box, thereby making the server reveal crucial information. 

This elevated access allows them to perform various malicious actions, including viewing, modifying, and deleting tables in the databases. Attackers can also acquire administrative rights through this.

5. Denial-of-Service Attack

A Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attack is poses a substantial risk to companies. In this types of attacks, attackers direct their target systems, servers, or networks and flood them with traffic to exhaust their resources and bandwidth.

When this occurs, catering to the incoming requests becomes huge for the servers, incoming requests in the website it hosts website shuts down completely. Consequently, legitimate service requests are left unattended.

How to Avoid Cyber Attacks?

Although we had an exploring various methods to prevent the different types of cyberattacks we discussed, let’s summarize few personal tips which you can adopt to avoid a cyberattack on the whole.

Use strong and unique passwords which are difficult to crack. Avoid using excessively complex passwords that you would may struggle to remember. Refrain from reusing the same password twice.

keeping your operating system and applications up to date is vital in ensuring their security. This is the main prevention method for any cyber-attack. This will remove vulnerabilities that making it harder for hackers to exploit them. Use trusted and legitimate Anti-virus provides an extra layer of defense against various cyber threats.

Employing a firewall and other network security tools such as Intrusion prevention systems, Access control, Application security, measures, is crucial to enhancing your overall cybersecurity.

Caution when encountering opening emails from unknown senders. Carefully review the emails you receive for significant errors they may include.

Make use of a Virtual Private Network (VPN). This makes sure that it communication between your device and the VPN server.

Back up your data on regular basis.

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